Let's take a brief look at what you can expect to learn in each lesson within the emerging trends course.
Emerging Trends Course Content Overview
The first lesson in the emerging trends course introduces underground injection wells (UIC) and their primary applications. The course provides a brief overview of regulatory issues, including primacy, describes the different classes of injection wells, and discusses the importance of particular classes to oil and gas operations and geothermal energy. An in-depth segment within the underground injection lesson explains the use of various injection techniques to enhance the recovery of oil and gas.
The lesson on carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS) presents the role of carbon dioxide injection, both for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and storage, in the move toward sustainability. The recent rule establishing a new class (VI) of injection wells, as well as a number of policy and tax incentives in the U.S., have created renewed interest and activity around CCUS technology. This lesson covers general history and specifics of Class VI wells, the role of EOR in storage, misconceptions about carbon dioxide, protections for drinking water resources, and Class VI well considerations, such as storage capacity, injection rate and storage mechanisms.
The next lesson covers induced seismicity: often low magnitude earthquakes caused by human activity such as geothermal energy access, wastewater injections, and hydraulic fracturing. This lesson includes foundational information on seismic waves, the earthquake measurement process, a brief history of natural earthquakes, and the geomechanics of fluid injection. A case study references induced seismicity at the DFW Airport and the public’s concerns over petroleum operations.
The lesson on subsurface containment discusses the critical aspects of well integrity and subsurface integrity. This lesson highlights primary, secondary, and tertiary well control, well construction, mechanical integrity testing, aging well infrastructure and integrated subsurface containment strategies. Lesson content also includes case studies of several high-profile incidents such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and surface expressions in the San Joaquin Valley area of California.